German Version


1) Searching in the Persons Field
It is necessary to enter some text in at least one field. Fields where text has been entered are connected by the "and" operator. Entries are not case sensitive.
It is possible to omit letters at the beginning or end of a word. The entry Arib would produce the result Aribo, Aribert, Garibald, Garibay.
An underscore stands for a single letter. The entry M_yer produces the result Mayer, Meyer, Thurmayer, Galgemayr etc.
A percent sign stands for either no symbol or an arbitrary number of symbols.
To find a Mayer or Meyer, who died in 1700, one enters M_yer%1700. The entry 1700%M_yer would produce a null result since the name column comes before the dates (of death or of office) column.
In a search for Kaiser Karl V., the simple entry Kaiser would produce too many results (namely all Imperial emissaries, etc.). For manually-prepared database entries a search for Kaiser; Karl V. would produce optimal results. In machine-processed indexes, however, the entry appears differently in the various sources e.g. as "Kaiser und Könige, deutsche: Karl V." or as "Kaiser Karl V." Such database entries - displayed with background color - are obtained by entering Kaiser%Karl V. Similarly, when searching for Papst Gregor V., trying Papst%Gregor V is recommended in addition to Papst; Gregor V.
One can also search for Forenames.
Entry of special symbols like â, ç, ë, ü can prove problematical. In as far as it is possible to enter them at all, they may be incorrectly interpreted depending on computer operating system. Here one can resort to an underscore, for example L'H_pital for L'Hôpital. Such substitution should only be undertaken if one anticipates a special symbol.

In order to provide the desired results where no special symbol is expected, the search process has been designed so as to be tolerant of the manner of writing. Thus, entering e.g. Nunez or Viete also yields Nuñez or Viète, respectively. In the same sense, entering Roemer also yields Römer and Rømer. Somewhat different is the situation with special symbols from outside the ISO-8859-1 range, as e.g. ā   ǎ   ć   č   Ḥ   ḥ   ī   ǐ   ł   ń   ř   ś   œ   Œ   ū   ǔ   etc.; one does in fact also find these by entering the root letter but not with the substitution symbol _ and, if at all, only with % since they are represented internally through several individual symbols. (An example with several symbols from this range is obtained by entering Khwarizmi). In all cases, those hits which match the entry exactly are displayed with a green background whereas neighboring ones do not appear in color.

2) Further information
In the column Fund1, one is referred to places in series I, IV and V (General, History, Politics) of the Leibniz Academy edition; the column Fund2 refers to places in series III, VII and VIII (Mathematics, Science, Medicine, and Technology) and Fund3, finally, to places in series II and VI (Philosophy) of the Leibniz edition.
For the older volumes, if a person is referred to no more than five times in a volume, the page references in question are listed whereas page references in excess of five are designated by a + sign. For later volumes, the number of five references has been replaced by twenty. In both cases the reader is advised to consult the persons index of the volume in question.
If a person is referred to in more than five volumes, these five volumes were previously given together with a + sign. This rule no longer applies for the more recent volumes.
A page number in apostrophes or single-quote marks (e.g. '351') means that the person in question is referred to on page 351 in small print. Numbers in parentheses give the person's dates or year of death; those in angular brackets denote years of rule.
The sign   "^"   means "see".

3) Finding volume numbers in Found Columns
On entering a volume number a search is carried out in accordance with the division explained above in one of the Found columns, Fund1 to Fund3. The entry should always be made in the form roman.arabic.
Notice should be taken of the fact that often, for the older entries, several volumes may be listed in succession (Example: Kirchmayer I.2 3 6 7 10 15). For more recent entries every volume appears in the form roman.arabic. An attempt was made to take account of this automatically; whether or not this was successful in all cases is as yet unclear.

4) Searching in the field Orders
For religious orders one should enter the following abbreviations in the column in question:
To find a Jesuit with forename Albert, one should enter Albert in the Persons field and SJ in the Orders field.

Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional             CSS ist valide!